Multimodal Needs Assessment

What are Multimodal Transportation Needs?

Multimodal transportation needs in the Multimodal Transportation Master Plan refer to improvements that need to be made to Norfolk's streets to achieve the future vision: a city where walking, riding a bicycle or scooter, and taking transit are safe and easy. Achieving this vision implies many changes as most of Norfolk's streets were built decades ago.

Improvements may include:

  • New sidewalks
  • New crosswalks
  • New bicycle lanes
  • New or more frequent bus routes
  • New bus-only lanes or other transit-priority treatments
  • New shelters, benches, or trash cans at bus stops
  • Extended hours of bus service
  • Other changes to Norfolk's streets to make it safer and easier to get around without a car

How were Norfolk's Multimodal Needs Identified?VisionThemes

Multimodal transportation needs were identified through a combination of public input and data-driven analysis that reflect the goals of Multimodal Norfolk - Safety, Connectivity, and Equitable Prosperity. The data used to identify pedestrian and bicycle/scooter needs include data on population demographics, activity areas, and the impacts of traffic on safety and comfort to users. A full description of the criteria used in the analysis can be found in Chapter 12 and Appendix F in the final plan under the Project Resources & Documents page.

Transit needs were identified based on a combination of public comments and technical assessments. Transit service needs are described in detail in Chapter 11 of the final plan. Needs for transit infrastructure are described in Chapter 12, and include shelters and amenities at bus stops, dedicated bus lanes at key choke points, and improved or relocated transit centers.

Public input on the multimodal transportation needs was solicited through a variety of in-person and online public meetings, mapping exercises, and input at civic league and task force meetings. One of these oppNeeds assessment online map Opens in new windowortunities included an interactive online map through which anyone could drop a pin and identify a need or concern. The map shown to the right was available for public comment from January through June 2021. Norfolk's residents submitted over 800 map comments identifying multimodal needs.

Public input consisted of specific ideas for improvements as well as general concerns and suggestions. Ideas for improvements included extending existing and providing new on-street bicycle lanes, providing protected crosswalks across multi-lane high speed roads, installing sidewalks at interstate interchange areas and underpasses, pavement repairs, and more visible and well-lit paths for walking and bicycling.

Where are the greatest needs?

The resulting maps of pedestrian and bicycle/scooter are shown below. The maps show Norfolk’s streets classified into four levels of need – Low, Medium, Moderate, and High – based on the concentrations of needs data from the analysis and public input.

Needs assessment maps_final Opens in new window

The Needs maps allow projects to be evaluated according to their level of multimodal need. This assures that we focus on the highest need areas first. However, the Needs evaluation is one of several factors that determine when and how a project gets funded.

The pedestrian needs map and the bicycle/scooter needs map were used to develop the Program of Projects & Resource Allocation Plan.